H.L. Mencken (18801956). The American Language. 1921.
in hand, they might still achieve laborious imitations of Johnson and Macaulay, but their mouths began to betray them. When it comes to talking, wrote Charles Astor Bristed for Englishmen in 1855, the most refined and best educated American, who has habitually resided in his own country, the very man who would write, on some serious topic, volumes in which no peculiarity could be detected, will, in half a dozen sentences, use at least as many words that cannot fail to strike the inexperienced Englishman who hears them for the first time. Bristed gave a specimen of the American of that time, calculated to flabbergast his inexperienced Englishman; you will find it in the volume of Cambridge Essays, already cited. His aim was to explain and defend Americanisms, and so shut off the storm of English reviling, and he succeeded in producing one of the most thoughtful and persuasive essays on the subject ever written. But his purpose failed and the attack kept up, and eight years afterward the Very Rev. Henry Alford, D.D., dean of Canterbury, led a famous assault. Look at those phrases, he said, which so amuse us in their speech and books; at their reckless exaggeration and contempt for congruity; and then compare the character and history of the nationits blunted sense of moral obligation and duty to man; its open disregard of conventional right where aggrandisement is to be obtained; and I may now say, its reckless and fruitless maintenance of the most cruel and unprincipled war in the history of the world.17 In his American edition of 1866 Dr. Alford withdrew this reference to the Civil War and somewhat ameliorated his indignation otherwise, but he clung to the main counts in his indictment, and most Englishmen, I daresay, still give them a certain support. The American is no longer a vain, egotistical, insolent, rodomontade sort of fellow; America is no longer the brigand confederation of the Foreign Quarterly or the loathsome creature, maimed and lame, full of sores and ulcers of Dickens; but the Americanism is yet regarded with a bilious eye, and pounced upon viciously when found. Even the friendliest English critics seem to be daunted by the gargantuan copiousness of American inventions in speech. Their position, perhaps, was well stated by Capt. Basil Hall, author of the
Note 17. A Plea for the Queens English; London, 1863; 2nd ed., 1864; American ed., New York, 1866. [back]